Fountain of Time 时间喷泉

翻译| Corner 审校| 高淑媛

Fountain of Time, or simply Time, is a sculpture by Lorado Taft, measuring 126 feet 10 inches (38.66 m) in length, situated at the western edge of the Midway Plaisance within Washington Park in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. This location is in the Washington Parkcommunity area on Chicago's South Side. Inspired by Henry Austin Dobson's poem, "Paradox of Time", and with its 100 figures passing before Father Time, the work was created as a monument to the first 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain, resulting from the Treaty of Ghent in 1814. Although the fountain's water began running in 1920, the sculpture was not dedicated to the city until 1922. The sculpture is a contributing structure to the Washington Park United States Registered Historic District, which is a National Register of Historic Places listing.

“时间喷泉”,或简称“时间”是一件由莱若多•塔夫特(Lorado Taft)设计建造的雕塑品,长126英尺10英寸(38.66米),地处大道乐园的西面,位于美国伊利诺伊州芝加哥市的华盛顿公园内。此位置在芝加哥南面华盛顿公园的社区范围中。该雕塑的灵感来自亨利•奥斯汀•道布森(Henry Austin Dobson)的诗作《时间悖论》,在雕塑中,有100个人物在时间老人面前经过,其创作是为了纪念1814年根特条约签署后,美英两国和平相处的首个百年。虽然其喷泉水在1920年开始注水运转,但该雕塑直到1922年才贡献给这座城市。这件雕塑品曾使得华盛顿公园成为美国国家注册认可的历史古迹区,这是一个国家认可的历史古迹名单。

Part of a larger beautification plan for the Midway Plaisance, Time was constructed from a new type of molded, steel-reinforced concrete that was claimed to be more durable and cheaper than alternatives. It was said to be the first of any kind of finished work of art made of concrete. Before the completion of Millennium Park in 2004, it was considered the most important installation in the Chicago Park District.Time is one of several Chicago works of art funded by Benjamin Ferguson's trust fund.

作为美化大道乐园大计划的一部分,“时间”是由一种新型模制、钢筋混凝土构建而成,人们断言这种混凝土比其他材质更耐用,更便宜。据说在已完成的所有类型的工艺品中,这是首件用混凝土制成的工艺品。在2004年千禧公园竣工之前,人们认为“时间”是芝加哥公园区最重要的建筑。“时间”是由本杰明•弗格森(Benjamin Ferguson)信托基金资助的几个芝加哥艺术品之一。

Time has undergone several restorations because of deterioration and decline caused by natural and urban elements. During the late 1990s and the first few years of the 21st century it underwent repairs that corrected many of the problems caused by these earlier restorations. Although extensive renovation of the sculpture was completed as recently as 2005, the supporters of Time continue to seek resources for additional lighting, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation has nominated it for further funding.

因为自然和城市因素造成的恶化和衰退,“时间”已经历经多次修复。在20世纪90年代末和21世纪的前几年,“时间”屡遭修理,这些修理纠正了早期修复造成的很多问题。虽然早在2005年,雕塑就已完成大规模整修,但是“时间”的拥护者仍在继续寻求资源以辅助照明,并且国家历史保护信托组织已将其提名,进一步为其提供经费。

Contents 内容
1Planning
2Location and installation
3Design and realization
4Restoration
5Fountain of Creation
1规划
2位置和安装
3设计和实现
4修复
5“创作喷泉”

Planning 规划

Time, along with many other public works in Chicago, was funded by Benjamin Ferguson's 1905 gift of $1 million ($26.2 million today), to a charitable trust formed to "memorialize events in American History".Lorado Taft initially conceived a sculpture carved from granite; an alternative plan was to have it chiseled out of Georgia marble, which it is estimated would have cost $30,000 ($715,859) a year for five years. The planned work was intended as part of a Midway beautification which was to include a stream, lagoons, and a series of bridges: a Bridge of Arts at Woodlawn Avenue, a Bridge of Religion at the intersection of Ellis Avenue, and a Bridge of Science at Dorchester Avenue (formerly Madison Avenue). As part of the plan, the two ends of the Midway were to be connected by a canal in the deep depressions linking lagoons inJackson and Washington Parks.
"Make no little plans; they have no magic to stir men's blood, and probably themselves will not be realized. Make big plans: aim high in hope and work ..."
Daniel Burnham

“时间”,和芝加哥许多其他公共工程一样,由本杰明•弗格森(Benjamin Ferguson)出资创建,1905年他捐款100万美元(合今天2620万美元),赠予一个专为“纪念美国历史上的重大事件”而成立的慈善信托组织。莱若多•塔夫特(Lorado Taft)最初设想雕刻花岗岩雕塑;另外一个替代方案是用格鲁吉亚大理石凿刻,预计耗时5年,每年将花费3万美元(合今天71.5859万美元)。此规划是大道乐园美化的一部分,大道乐园美化计划还涵盖建造溪流、泻湖以及一系列桥梁:包括位于伍德劳恩大道的艺术桥,埃利斯大道交叉口的宗教桥,多切斯特大道(原麦迪逊大道)的科学桥。该计划还包括在深洼地中建造一条贯通杰克逊泻湖和华盛顿公园泻湖的河道,并以此连接大道乐园的两端,“规划切忌短浅,因为短浅的规划无法激励人的斗志,可能当事人自己意识不到这点。立志高远:把目标订高,心怀期待,向着目标努力......”
丹尼尔•伯纳姆(Daniel Burnham)

In 1907, Taft had won the first commission from the Ferguson Fund to create the Fountain of the Great Lakes at the Art Institute of Chicago.[15] Immediately afterwards, inspired by Daniel Burnham's "Make no little plans" quote,[13] he begin lobbying for a grand Midway beautification plan. In 1912, Art Institute Trustee Frank G. Logan formally presented Taft's plans to the fund's administrators at the Art Institute of Chicago.[15]Taft's proposed Midway Plaisance beautification plan included two possible commemoration themes. His first choice was to honor the memory of the World's Columbian Exposition that had been held in Jackson Park in 1893. His alternative was to commemorate the centennial of the 1814 Treaty of Ghent "marking a century of perfect understanding between England and America". Since other plans to commemorate the Exposition were under way, the second theme choice was adopted as the justification for a second Taft commission from the Ferguson Fund. Contemporary newspaper accounts anticipated that Taft's entire Midway beautification plan would be approved easily.

1907年,塔夫特(Taft)已经从弗格森基金赢得第一笔酬金,来创作芝加哥艺术学院中的五大湖喷泉。紧接着,受到丹尼尔•伯纳姆(Daniel Burnham)“立志当高远”名言的启发[13],他开始为盛大宏伟的大道乐园美化计划进行游说。1912年,艺术学院的受托人弗兰克•G•罗根(Frank G. Logan)正式向芝加哥艺术学院的基金管理者们呈现塔夫特的计划。塔夫特提出的大道乐园乐园美化计划包括两个可行性的纪念主题。他的第一选择是为了纪念杰克逊公园在1893年举办的世界哥伦比亚博览会。另一套方案是为了纪念1814年“标志着英美两国之间达成完美世纪默契”的根特条约签订一百周年。因为纪念博览会的其他计划正在进行,他的第二个主题被采纳,塔夫特因此从弗格森基金获得第二笔酬金。同时代的报纸报道预计塔夫特的整个大道乐园美化计划将很容易获得批准。

Taft's initial commission from the trust was limited to the creation of a full-sized plaster model of Fountain of Time, under a five-year $10,000 ($238,620) annual installment contract signed on February 6, 1913. This would enable the model to be evaluated in 1918. Taft first created a 20-foot (6.1 m) quarter-scale model which received the Trustees' approval in May 1915. He eventually produced his full-scale plaster model, 100 feet (30.5 m) in width peaking in the center, with an equestrian warrior and a robed model of Father Time with a height of 20 feet (6.1 m). The installation of this model near its intended location was delayed by Taft's World War I service with the Y.M.C.A. in France as part of a corps of entertainers and lecturers, but was completed in 1920. However, Taft's wider vision of a Chicago school of sculpture, analogous to other philosophical Chicago schools such as the contemporaneous Chicago school of architecture style, had lost momentum after the 1913 dedication of his Fountain of the Great Lakes. The Beaux Arts style had become dated;[24][25] instead of funding Taft's large-scale Midway Plaisance beautification plan, and providing the originally planned granite, bronze or Georgia marble materials, the trust only allocated sufficient funds and support for a concrete sculpture.[19]

据1913年2月6日签署的为期五年共计1万美元(合今天23万8620美元)每年分期付款的合同,塔夫特最初从信托组织获得的酬金只限于创造“时间喷泉”的全尺寸石膏模型。这使得模型在1918年进行估价。塔夫特首先创造了一个20英尺(6.1米)的1/4比例模型,该模型在1915年5月获得受托人认定。他最终制造了按原尺寸的石膏模型,中心峰值的宽度为100英尺(30.5米),还有马术战士和高20英尺(6.1米)穿长袍的时间父亲模型。由于一战期间塔夫特曾在法国青年基督教会服役,担任作为艺人和讲师,该雕塑在预定位置附近的安装时间被推迟了,但在1920年此次安装最终完成。然而,塔夫特对芝加哥学院雕塑更宽广的发展设想,类似于其他哲学性的芝加哥学院的设想,如当时芝加哥建筑风格学院的设想,在1913年奉献了他的“五大湖喷泉”后,失去了动力。布杂派学院式风格已经过时;信托基金没有继续资助塔夫特的大道乐园大规模美化计划,没有按照最初计划提供花岗岩,青铜或格鲁吉亚大理石材料,配给的资金仅够建造混凝土雕塑。

Location and installation 位置和安装

Time is in the Chicago Park District, in the Washington Park community area on Chicago's South Side, near the Midway Plaisance. This location, adjoining the University of Chicago campus directly to the East, makes the sculpture a contributing structure to the Washington Park federalRegistered Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Time is considered to be the most important piece of monumental art in the Park District, which hosts over 100 art works. Its importance stems from its sculptor, its message, the era in which it was created, and the design of its reflecting pool by Howard Van Doren Shaw. Robert Jones, director of design and construction for the Art Institute of Chicago at the time, stated in 1999 that Time was the first finished art piece to be made of any type of concrete.

“时间”位于芝加哥公园区,在芝加哥南面华盛顿公园的社区范围中,靠近大道乐园。该位置,东接芝加哥大学校园,使雕塑成为华盛顿公园加入国家注册历史区之列极具贡献的建筑物,列入美国国家史迹名录。该公园区有超过100件艺术作品,“时间”是公园区的纪念性艺术品中最重要的一件作品。其重要性源于它的雕塑家,他所承载的意义,它诞生的时代,以及由霍华德•范多伦肖设计的喷泉倒影池。罗伯特•琼斯,当时芝加哥艺术学院设计和施工的负责人,在1999年声明,“时间”是已完成艺术品中第一件由混凝土制成的艺术作品。

The sculpture is located a few blocks from Taft's studio, the Lorado Taft Midway Studios, now a Chicago Landmark and National Historic Landmark, located at 60th Street and Ingleside Avenue. Other notable sculptures nearby include Henry Moore's National Historic LandmarkNuclear Energy, which is on the site of the first self-sustaining nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago. Jackson Park, connected to Washington Park and Time by the Midway Plaisance, hosts the Chicago Landmark Statue of the Republic; at one time the Midway Plaisance, Jackson Park and Washington Park were jointly known as "South Park".

雕塑距塔夫特工作室有几个街区,莱若多•塔夫特工作室,现在是芝加哥的地标和美国的国家历史地标,坐落在六十街和壁炉山庄大道。附近其他著名的雕塑包括亨利•穆尔创作的国家历史地标“核能源”,位于芝加哥大学第一个自我维持的核反应堆的地址。杰克逊公园,由大道乐园将其与华盛顿公园和“时间”连接,承载了芝加哥地标,共和国雕塑;中途乐园,杰克逊公园和华盛顿公园曾一度合称为“南方公园”。

There is little agreement on the dimensions of Time, with various sources describing it as between 102 to 127 feet (31.1 to 38.7 m) long. One of the few precise estimates describes it as 126 feet 10 inches (38.7 m) long, 23 feet 6 inches (7.2 m) wide and 24 feet (7.3 m) tall. The sources are often unclear about whether they are describing the width of the reflecting pool from exterior wall to exterior wall, the width of the water within the reflecting pool's interior walls, the width of the base of the sculpted mass of humanity, the width of the sculpted masses themselves, or the width of the parcel of land upon which Time is built.

有关“时间”的尺寸没有一致说法,许多不同来源,描述其为102到127英尺(31.1米至38.7米)长。其中有一个为数不多的精确估计将其描述为126英尺10英寸(38.7米)长,23英尺6英寸(7.2米)宽、24英尺(7.3米)高。这些数据来源往往自己也不清楚他们是在描述了外墙之间的倒影池的宽度,倒影池的内墙中水面的宽度,大量人物雕刻基地的宽度,雕刻的人群本身的宽度,还是构建“时间”的几块土地所占的宽度。

Water began running in the completed sculpture on September 1, 1920, although it was not dedicated to the city until November 15, 1922. University of Chicago President Harry Pratt Judson delivered an address at the dedication ceremony at the Midway Plaisance, before contributions from Taft. President of the B.F. Ferguson Trust Charles Hutchinson, and John Barton Payne, President of the South Park Board.

在1920年9月1日首次在完成的雕塑中注水运转,虽然直到1922年11月15日才投入城市使用。芝加哥大学校长哈里•普拉特•贾德森在大道乐园落成仪式上,面对塔夫特的贡献,在高炉弗格森信托总裁查尔斯•哈钦森,和约翰•巴顿•佩恩,南方公园董事会主席的面前发表演讲。

Design and realization 设计和实现

The sculpture is made of a form of hollow-castconcrete, reinforced with steel. It was cast in a 4,500-piece mold, using 250 short tons (230 t) of a material described as "concrete-like", which incorporated pebbles from the Potomac River. This composite material was an innovation at the time. For years, John Joseph Earley of Washington, DC, had used materials that seemed durable in the face of elements such as the weather and urban soot and grime. He had determined that by adding crushed pebbles he could create a new concrete mixture more durable thanlimestone but cheaper than marble or bronze. The reflection from the silica of the crushed stones complemented the durability with artistic beauty; the same material was used at Chicago's Fine Arts Building.

该雕塑是由一种空心浇注的混凝土加钢筋制成。它用了4500件模具浇铸,使用了250短吨(230吨)称之为类混凝土的材料,这种材料包含波托马克河的鹅卵石。这种复合材料在当时是一种新材料。多年来,华盛顿特区的约翰•约瑟夫•厄利已经使用了这种在天气和城市煤烟及尘垢环境下比较耐用的材料。他决定加入碎卵石,而他能够用碎卵石创造出一种新的混凝土混合料,比石灰石更耐用,但价格比大理石和青铜便宜。用碎石中二氧化硅作反射材料,外表优美,持久耐用;芝加哥的美术楼也使用了同样的材料。

The sculpture depicts a hooded Father Time carrying a scythe, and watching over a parade of 100 figures arranged in an ellipse, with an overall pyramidal geometry. The allegorical procession depicts the entire spectrum of humanity at various stages of life. The contemporary 1920s Chicago Daily Tribune described the figures as "heroic", and that choice of adjective has stayed with the piece. The figures are said to be passing in review as they rush through the stages of life, and include soldiers, frolicking children and kissing couples. Father Time is described in various newspaper articles as "huge", "weird", and "dominant". Other Tribune critics described Time as a "pet atrocity" of Taft in large part due to its ugliness. One critic described the white figures as reminiscent of false teeth smiling across the end of the Midway.

雕塑描绘了一个戴着兜帽的时间老人,拿着一把镰刀,并俯视着由100人组成的椭圆形游行队伍,整体上是一个锥形的几何体。寓言描绘了人类在不同人生阶段的整个过程。20世纪20年代当时的芝加哥论坛报称这些人物为“英雄式的”,而这一形容词的选择一直伴随着这件作品。人们说这些人物包括士兵,嬉闹的孩子和亲吻的情侣,他们迅速穿过生命的各个阶段不时转身回顾。各种报纸文章描述时间老人为“巨大的”,“怪异的”和“显著的”。雕塑丑陋很大程度上导致《论坛报》的其他评论家抨击“时间”是一种“宠物暴行”。一位评论家描述这些白色人形,让人联想到跨过大道乐园的两端微笑的假牙。

Time commemorates the first 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain after the Treaty of Ghent concluded the War of 1812 on December 24, 1814. The design was inspired by the poem "Paradox of Time" by Henry Austin Dobson: "Time goes, you say? Ah no, Alas, time stays, we go".Time's theme has been compared to Shakespeare's All the world's a stage monologue in As You Like It, which describes the seven ages of man: infant, schoolboy, lover, soldier, justice, old age, and dementia. Taft's figures represent birth, the struggle for existence, love, family life, religion, poetry, and war.

“时间”是为了纪念1814年12月24日签订的根特条约结束了1812年战争之后,美英两国之间维持和平的首个百年。设计灵感来源于亨利•奥斯丁•多布森的诗作“时间悖论”:“你说,时间疾步?啊不,哎呀,时间常驻,我们疾步。”。人们已将“时间”的主题和莎士比亚《皆大欢喜》中“世界是个舞台”的独白”进行比较,描述了人的七个年龄段:婴儿,学生,恋人,士兵,正义,老年,和痴呆。塔夫特创作的人物代表出生,谋生,恋爱,家庭生活,宗教,诗歌和战争。

Although most of the figures are generic representations of human forms in various walks and stages of life, Taft included himself, with one of his assistants following him, along the west side of the sculpture. He is portrayed wearing a smock, with his head bowed and hands clasped behind his back. His daughters served as models for some of the figures.

虽然雕塑中大多数人物是各个行业,处于不同人生阶段的典型代表,但是塔夫特自己,和跟随他的一名助手也出现在雕塑西侧。雕塑中他穿着工作服,低着头,双手背在身后。他的女儿们也充当了其中一些人物的模型。

Taft is now better remembered for his books, such as The History of American Sculpture (1903), regarded as the first comprehensive work on the subject. However, in his day he was well known for portraits and allegorical public sculpture, of which Fountain of Time is a prime example. It was produced in the period following his assignment to design sculptures for William Le Baron Jenney's 1893 Horticultural Building for theWorld's Columbian Exposition. During this period he designed several large-scale public works, including Fountain of the Great Lakes. Taft resided in Illinois for most of his life and worked in the Midway Studios starting in 1906.

人们现在更好地记住塔夫特的书作,如《美国雕塑史》(1903年),该书被视为全面描述1该话题的第一部作品。然而,在塔夫特的全盛时期,他的肖像和寓言性公共雕塑也举世闻名,其中“时间喷泉”是一个典型的例子。在此之前,他为威廉•勒•巴伦•詹妮在1893年世界哥伦布博览会的园艺建筑设计雕塑。在任务期间,他设计了一些大型的公共工程,包括五大湖喷泉。塔夫特大部分生活居住在伊利诺斯,从1906年开始在大道工作室工作。

Restoration 修复

Designed without expansion joints, Time is one of a small number of outdoor sculptures made of reinforced pebble/concrete aggregate, few of which have been created since the 1930s.[28] In 1936, Time's weather-related cracks were repaired; further work occurred in 1955. The sculpture's subsequent repairs were followed by a rededication celebration in 1966. Although the sculpture received regular maintenance, early repair crews often did more harm than good, by using techniques such as sandblasting and patching cracks with rigid materials.

“时间”的设计无伸缩接缝,是少量的室外雕塑作品之一,由聚集的钢筋卵石/混凝土构成,自20世纪30年代很少有人创作室外雕塑。 1936年,“时间”因天气造成的裂缝得以修复;1955年开展进一步的修复工作。几次后续的雕塑修复后,在1966年举行了重启庆典。虽然雕塑得到定期维护,但早期的维修人员所使用的技术,如喷砂和带有刚性材料的裂缝修补往往弊大于利。

By the 1980s the sculpture was crumbling; cracks had developed, details of the figures had worn away, and moisture had eroded the internal structure. In wintertime the
fountain had to be protected by a tarp. Weather, air pollution, and vandalism meant that hundreds of thousands of dollars were now needed for restoration. The Chicago Park District, University of Chicago, and Art Institute of Chicago conservators all sponsored restoration work, including drying out the cavity of the hollow sculpture, removal of the deteriorated substructure, a newly designed ventilation system within the piece, a protective exterior coating, and repairs to the reflecting pool. In 1989 Chicago Park District allocated $150,000 to the repair project, which amount was matched by the Ferguson fund. By the end of 1991, the Park District had collected $320,000 of the $520,000 estimated repair costs from public and private funds, although in 1994 the sculpture still awaited repair.

到了20世纪80年代,雕塑表面岩块剥落;裂缝开始扩张,人物的细节已经磨损,湿气腐蚀了内部结构。冬季喷泉都必须用防水布进行保护。天气因素,空气污染,故意毁坏文物意味着现在需要千百万美元进行修复。芝加哥公园区,芝加哥大学,和芝加哥艺术学院的维护员都赞助了修复工作,修复工作包括把雕塑空腔烘干,去除被腐蚀了的下层结构,在作品中设计一个新的通风系统,表面涂防护层,并修理倒影池。1989年,芝加哥公园区拨款15万美元用以维修工程,这笔资金由弗格森基金提供。公园修复预计花费52万美元,到1991年底,园区已从由公共和私人资金资助筹集到32万美元,但在1994年雕塑仍然等待修理。

Father Time 时间老人

By early 1997, after almost two decades of activity, the only repairs completed were phase one of the air ventilation system to dehumidify the hollow base, the drainage pipes and a new inner roof. Plans now included the erection of a temporary two-story metal building to protect all but the giant Father Time from the harsh winters and to facilitate year-round repair; the reinforcement of corroded steel interior portions; the replacement of inconsistent patches; the substitution of engineered spacing for natural cracks, and finally, hand-brushed concrete recoating. The temporary building was budgeted at $270,000; the city spent a total of $450,000 on repairs approved by the Park District that year.

到1997年年初,经过近二十年的努力,唯一完成的修理工作是用于烘干中空底座的空气通风系统的第一阶段工程完工、安装了排水管和建造了一个新的内顶。现在的修复规划包括建造一个临时的两层金属建筑,来保护除了巨大的时间老人外的所有部分免受寒冬的侵蚀,便于全年维修;加固内部钢筋受到锈蚀的部分;置换不一致的补丁;用工程间距替代自然裂缝以及最后手刷混凝土涂层。临时建筑的预算为27万美元;那一年公园区批准该城市将45万美元用于维修。

On April 19, 1999, the $1.6 million, two-year phase two restoration began, scheduled for completion by May 2001. Five workers began repairing the cracks, killing biological growth, removing calcium deposits and pollution-blackened gypsum, and coating the 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) surface with a combination of lime putty, adobe cement and sand. The inoperable reflecting pool was not repaired in this phase. Although this phase was completed in 2001, its effects were not visible until the following year, when the temporary protective structure was unveiled. The repairs were expected to sustain the sculpture for about 30–50 years before any further repairs would be necessary.

1999年4月19日,共计160万美元,为期两年的恢复工程第二阶段开始进行,计划到2001年5月完成修复。五名工人开始修复裂缝,抑制生物生长,去除钙沉积和因污染发黑的石膏,并用石灰腻子、土坯水泥和沙子相结合的材料给1万平方英尺(930平方米)的表面刷涂层。倒影池不能操作,在此阶段不进行修复。虽然本阶段在2001年完成,但其影响直到一年后临时防护结构公布于众才显现出来。本次修理预期可以使该雕塑维持30到50年,不用进一步修理。

In 2003, the National Endowment for the Arts committed $250,000 to the Park District for the conservation and restoration of the reflecting pool. In 2004, the University of Chicago contributed $100,000 and the Park District Board $845,000 to repair the pool and its water circulation system. This work was carried out in the summer of 2005 at a slightly reduced budget, and the fountain was filled with water for the first time in over fifty years. In 2007, efforts began to add lighting. That same year the sculpture was nominated by Partners in Preservation, a fund for the preservation of historic sites, backed by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and American Express. In a widely publicized contest that included open house events where the public could tour and learn about the competing historic sites, $1 million was available for preservation efforts in the Chicago metropolitan area, but the fountain was not one of the 15 winning candidates.

2003年,国家艺术基金会投入25万美元用于公园区保护和倒影池修复。2004年,芝加哥大学捐赠了10万美元,公园区议会出资84.5万美元来修复公园区水池和水循环系统。这项工作在2005的夏天完工,花费略微低于了预算,这是五十多年来喷泉第一次充满水。2007年,开始致力于为雕塑添加照明。同年,该雕塑被文物古迹保护合作伙伴计划
提名,这是一项历史遗迹保护基金,受到美国历史保护信托组织和联邦快运支持。在广泛宣传的竞赛中,涵盖了开放日活动,在开放日,公众可以参观并了解参与竞赛的历史遗址,有一百万美元可用于在芝加哥大都会地区的维护工作,但喷泉并不在15个获胜的候选名单之中。

Fountain of Creation “创作喷泉”

Time was intended to be matched by a sister fountain, Fountain of Creation, on the opposite end of the Midway. Work was begun but was never completed. The finished portions of Fountain of Creation, depicting figures from the Greek legend of the repopulation of earth after the great flood, are considered Taft's final work, and were given to University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, his alma mater. The four surviving elements are figures ranging in height from 5 to 7 feet (1.5 to 2.1 m), and are collectively named Sons and Daughters of Ducalionand Pyrrha. Two of these elements stand outside the entrance to the university's Main Library, and two others are located at the south side of Foellinger Auditorium.

人们打算在时间喷泉的对面建造一座姊妹喷泉”创作喷泉,与之相匹配。这一姊妹作品虽然开始创作,但从未完成。“创作喷泉”已完成的部分,描绘希腊传说中地球经历大洪水后的重生的人物,这是塔夫特的最后作品,并赠予了塔夫特的母校:伊利诺伊大学厄本那-香槟分校。四个幸存的创作元素是高度从5英尺到7英尺(1.5米到2.1米)的人物,并统称为丢卡利翁和皮拉的儿子和女儿们。其中两个元素耸立于大学中心图书馆入口外,另外两个位于福林杰礼堂南侧。

以上英文来源于:维基百科

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